The chief aim of human life is to attain Moksha by following the ethical code and leading a virtuous life. In Jainism, it is up to each individual to attain salvation – defined as release from the cycle of rebirth and death (samsara) - by adhering to a strict spiritual and ethical code of behavior. According to Jainism, women and men householders cannot attain salvation while, according to Buddhism, it is possible for both. The followers of Hinduism believed that in case a man intended to attain salvation, he should perform animal sacrifices and Yajnas according to the rituals. Sanskrit was supposed to be the language of Gods and Angels, and too much importance was given to the Sanskrit language. Nothing from birth to death could be done without the help of a Brahmin. There are four ways to Moksha: 1. In Hinduism there is no one single, definite and clear path to salvation. 10. According to Jainism, salvation is possible only after death while according to Buddhism it is possible during one’s own life if one is able to detach oneself completely from the worldly existence. They had no idols of their gods and goddesses to worship. Neither of the religions suggests cruel treatment and behavior towards the followers of other religions. Both religions laid stress on leading a pure and sacred life. They always discouraged the performance of expensive animal sacrifices and Yajnas. Both religions had divergent opinions about the existence of God. View of Salvation In Jainism and Hinduism salvation is the ultimate freedom from the cycle of life, death, and rebirth. 7. The Way of Salvation and Why it is Different from what You Imagine! The Buddhist monks preached their religion in a systematic way, and spread their religion far and wide. 13. The establishment of the Buddhist Sangha helped a lot in the development of Buddhism. The side poles of the ladder are right belief and right knowledge and the rungs or steps of the ladder are the gradual … Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, 6 Important Teachings of Mahavira | Jainism, Top 7 Contributions of Jainism | Indian History, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. 2. According to the dual doctrines of karma and reincarnation, salvation comes by human effort. Undoubtedly, both of these religions were in favor of Ahimsa but there was a lot of difference in the degree of its applicability. The door of salvation was forever closed on them. In Jainism, Nirvana means the end of human life, but in Buddhism Nirvana stands for true knowledge which enables man to free himself from the bondage of life and the cycle of birth and death. People who practice the faith participate in different rituals, use different names and images for the deity they worship, read different sacred texts and hold different theological beliefs.Hindus, like Buddhists and Jains, believe people are reborn into another life after this one. The two religions did not accept the supremacy of the Brahmins. People belonging to the Swetambara sect of Jainism wear white clothes, while the Digambaras accepted nudity. Statement of the Problem Jainism and Buddhism are two different religions from the same sub-continent of India and emerged during the same period. The Buddha strictly prohibited his followers from harming or injuring living beings. Both preached their religion in the common language of the people and discarded Sanskrit as the language of their early religious texts. Neither of the religions believed in animal sacrifices and Yajnas. The Aryans use to take meat but it was considered a sin to kill an animal in Buddhism. The chief aim of human life is to attain Moksha. Therefore, Monier Williams is right in his conclusion when he writes, “Buddhism and Jainism were not related to each other as parent and child rather as children of common parents, born at different intervals though at about the same period of time and marked by distinct characteristics, though possessing strong family resemblances.”, Ancient Period, Comaparison, Indian History, Jainism and Buddhism, Religious Movements. Jainism vs buddhism ethical pillars of Jainism Jainism and ahimsa Jainism believe about god! Soteriology (/ s ə ˌ t ɪər i ˈ ɒ l ə dʒ i /; Greek: σωτηρία sōtēria "salvation" from σωτήρ sōtēr "savior, preserver" and λόγος logos "study" or "word") is the study of religious doctrines of salvation.Salvation theory occupies a place of special significance in many religions. The Aryans and the Buddhists, both repose faith in the transmigration of soul and rebirth, which concept is based on the theory of Karma. Excessive importance was accorded to Brahmins. Both of them preached their teachings in the spoken language and the Sanskrit language began to lose its importance. Both emphasized Ahimsa or non-violence. Salvation is achieved through three basic ingredients: right belief, right knowledge, and right conduct (also called the three jewels or the three fold path of liberation) The path to salvation, is compared in Jaina works to a ladder with its two side poles and the central rungs forming the steps. That is why while Buddhism spread all over Asia and accommodated the traditions of the local populace, Jainism remained confined to India alone. This article made a comparison between Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Hence no special privilege was granted to the Brahmins. A man owns efforts and good Karmas help him in achieving salvation. Dissimilarities between Hinduism and Buddhism. This code is based on the Five Vows (articulated in the foundational work, the Tattvartha Sutra ): Authority of Dalai Lama: Dalai Lamas are tulkus of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism. In Hinduism there are different ways it has been laid down to find salvation by many religious preachers. Both encouraged the idea of giving up the world and urged to lead the life of an ascetic. Hinduism is also based on such principles. Quiet a lot of similarities between Buddhism and Jainism were found though some major differences exited as they branched out as independent religions in pursuit of salvation. 3. These similarities make it all the more clear that Buddhism was not a new faith but an offshoot of Hinduism. Thus, there is no doubt that Jainism and Buddhism were and still are two distinct and independent religious sects. 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