john adair biography

John Adair, Actor: Muss 'em Up. [32] The main American line held and repulsed the British attack; in total, only six Americans were killed and seven wounded. [1][2] He was educated at schools in Charlotte, North Carolina, and enlisted in the South Carolina colonial militia at the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War. John George Agar Jr. was an American film and television actor. Nancy Ga-Ho-Ga Lightfoot Adair was born before 1760 in Cherokee Nation to John Lightfoot (1725-1780) and Ga-Ho-Ga (1730-1790) and died 1789 in Laurens County, South Carolina, United States of unspecified causes. John Adair obtained excellent results and received a scholarship to attend Cambridge University to study a Bachelor of Arts. [24] The number of men with Adair was later disputed; sources variously give numbers between 700 and 1,500. [5] He is president of Adair International. [61], The state's other bank, the Bank of Kentucky, adhered to more conservative banking practices. [23][45] In his May 1817 response, he reasserted his defense of the Kentucky militiamen at New Orleans and dismissed many of Jackson's allegations as unimportant and untrue. He also served as clerk of Jay County 1890-1895 where he studied law. [22] Future Kentucky governor and U.S. He died on January 22, 1952 in New York City, New York, USA. [10] (Adair had intended for a subordinate to lead the charge, but the officer was killed before Adair could give the order. [20] Sitting governor Gabriel Slaughter had lobbied for some measures favored by the state's debtors, particularly punitive taxes against the branches of the Bank of the United States in Louisville and Lexington. [4] When the Miami attacked, Adair ordered Lieutenant (and later governor of Kentucky) George Madison to attack their right flank while Adair led 25 men to attack the left flank. [30] Outnumbered, poorly armed, and without the benefit of breastworks or artillery support, they were quickly outflanked and forced to retreat. [16] Adair's was the seventh name submitted by Garrard to the state Senate for the position; his approval by the Senate marked the end of a two-month imbroglio between Garrard and the legislature over the appointment. See Smith, pp. John Adair was born in the Chickasaw Nation say about 1754. [27] The "general" referenced was in fact General John Thomas; Jackson had never seen them. After a long legal battle, he was acquitted of any wrongdoing; and his accuser, General James Wilkinson, was ordered to issue an apology. Before going to university he qualified as a deckhand and worked on an Icelandic trawler. [31] About 200 men were thus armed and reported to Morgan as ordered, just hours before the start of the Battle of New Orleans. [17] Adair won a plurality, but not a majority, of the votes cast in six consecutive ballots. John never married. He is known for his work on inFamous (2009), Mortal Kombat (2011) and StarCraft II: … He was an actor, known for Muss 'em Up (1936), The Ramparts We Watch (1940) and The Big Story (1949). [21] Adair quickly raised three regiments, but the federal government provided them no weapons and no means of transportation. He continued to serve as adjutant general until 1817, when the voters returned him to the state House of Representatives. [59] Adair oversaw the abolition of the practice of incarceration for debt, and sanctioned rigorous anti-gambling legislation. [2] He also studied at Hull Nautical College (where he qualified as an Arctic trawler deckhand in 1955) and Trinity Hall, Cambridge, obtaining his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1959. [9] He was assigned to the command of Charles Scott, who would eventually serve as Kentucky's fourth governor. [3] He remained active in the Kentucky militia, and on February 25, 1797, he was promoted to brigadier general and given command of the 2nd Brigade of the Kentucky Militia. [3][12] He was nominated for Speaker of the House during that term, and, although he was not elected, he drew support from members of both parties, largely because of his correspondence with Jackson. [54] Jackson's opponents compiled copies of his letters into campaign pamphlets to use against him in Kentucky during these elections. John has had a colourful early career. Adair is a surname derived from the Old English personal name Eadgar (). Following the War, he was elected as a delegate to South Carolina's convention to ratify the United States Constitution. [44] This letter thrust the dispute into the national spotlight and prompted Adair to resume correspondence with him both to defend Davis's men and refute Jackson's charges of conspiracy. [54] Adair also campaigned for Jackson during his presidential campaigns in 1824, 1828, and 1832. Ga-Ho-Ga was born in the Cherokee Nation say about 1760. Biography. [9] In 1806, however, Burr was arrested in Frankfort on charges of treason. [12], Adair returned to the Kentucky House of Representatives in 1798. [10] Among the wounded were Madison and Richard Taylor, father of future U.S. President Zachary Taylor. John Adair, Casting Department: inFamous. [52] Tradition holds that this letter prompted either Adair or Jackson to challenge the other to a duel, but friends of both men averted the conflict after assembling to watch; no written evidence of the event exists. [11], Barred from seeking immediate re-election by the state constitution, Adair retired to his farm in Mercer County at the expiration of his term as governor. [29] From there, they could quickly move to reinforce whichever portion of the American line received the heaviest attack from the British. For the Illinois state senate member, see, Historian Zachariah Frederick Smith gives a detailed account of this tradition that he claims was told to him by a descendant of Adair's cousin. [3] When Kentuckians voted to hold another constitutional convention in 1799 to correct weaknesses in their first constitution, Adair was chosen as a delegate. In 1820, Adair was elected eighth governor on a platform of financial relief for Kentuckians hit hard by the Panic of 1819, and the ensuing economic recession. [11] At the convention, he was the leader of a group of politically ambitious delegates who opposed most limits on the powers and terms of office of elected officials, particularly on legislators. [61] The complaint of a former Relief Party governor over the ill effects of pro-relief legislation prompted wry celebration among members of the Anti-Relief faction. Senator and Postmaster General William T. Barry was his secretary. Biography. [4][5] During the British victory over the Colonists at the August 16, 1780, Battle of Camden, Adair was taken as a prisoner of war. The elder Adair had been born in Georgia, and moved to … [57] The Second Party System had not yet developed, but there were nonetheless two opposing factions that arose around the debt relief issue. Ga-Ho-Ga died perhaps in Laurens County after 7 Feb 1789. [9] Adair believed this too, having received letters from his former commander, James Wilkinson, which appeared to confirm it. Note NI33 Notes for JOHN ADAIR, JR: . [22] Adair rendered commendable service in the campaign, most notably at the American victory in the Battle of the Thames on October 5, 1813. [4] In 1781, he was commissioned as a lieutenant in the South Carolina militia, and fought in the drawn Battle of Eutaw Springs, the war's last major battle in the Carolinas. [21] Shelby asked Adair to serve as his first aide-de-camp. [18] During the trip, he consulted with many prominent politicians, Adair among them, about the possibility of wresting Mexico from Spain. [65] The "Barry Report," delivered to the legislature in December 1822, was lauded by such luminaries as John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, and James Madison. Officials claimed he in fact intended to create a new, independent nation in Spanish lands. [17] Although Henry Clay supported Brown's re-election, Adair had the support of Felix Grundy. 113–114, Trowbridge, "Kentucky's Military Governors", Speaker of the Kentucky House of Representatives, intended to create a new, independent nation, "Jesse James: A Cultural Fighter for Confederacy", "Biographical Sketch of Governor John Adair", "The Court Proceedings of 1806 in Kentucky Against Aaron Burr and John Adair", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Adair&oldid=993076010, People from Chester County, South Carolina, Democratic-Republican Party United States senators from Kentucky, Jacksonian members of the United States House of Representatives from Kentucky, Democratic-Republican Party state governors of the United States, Speakers of the Kentucky House of Representatives, Members of the Kentucky House of Representatives, South Carolina militiamen in the American Revolution, American Revolutionary War prisoners of war held by Great Britain, American people of the Northwest Indian War, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with USCongress identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 17:38. [57] Opposed to them was the Anti-Relief Party; it was composed primarily of the state's aristocracy, many of whom were creditors to the land speculators and demanded that their contracts be adhered to without interference from the government. [3] A candidate for a seat in the U.S. Senate in 1800, he was defeated in an overwhelming 68–13 vote of the legislature by John Breckinridge, who had been the acknowledged leader of the just-concluded constitutional convention. [11] At about the same time, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its decision in the case of Green v. Biddle, holding that land claims granted by Virginia in the District of Kentucky before Kentucky became a separate state took precedence over those later granted by the state of Kentucky if the two were in conflict. John Adair was born in Chester County, South Carolina in 1757, and he served in Thomas Sumter's militia during the American Revolutionary War, being captured at the Battle of Camden before fighting at the Battle of Eutaw Springs. [6] He advocated prison reform and better treatment of the insane. [6], Clay had insisted that the trial proceed in Adair's absence, and, the next day, Daveiss presented indictments against Burr for treason and against Adair as a co-conspirator. [3], In 1784, Adair married Katherine Palmer. [63] Adair denounced this decision in an 1823 message to the legislature, warning against federal and judicial interference in the will of the people, expressed through the legislature. In his early life, John first attended St. Paul’s School, an independent school in London that provides education solely to boys aged from 7 to 18 years. John emigrated to America with two brothers, Edward and James. [59] To inspire confidence in the devalued notes, Adair mandated that all officers of the state receive their salaries in notes issued by the Bank of the Commonwealth. He married Ellen Crawford and had at least one son, John Jr., and one daughter, Mary or Maria. His father was a member of the Cherokee Nation, named John Lafayette Adair. John George Adair (1823–85) gained notoriety as a cruel landlord because of the Derryveagh evictions carried out on his estate in County Donegal in April 1861. John Adair was born January 9, 1757, in Chester County in the Province of South Carolina, a son of Scottish immigrants Baron William and Mary [Moore] Adair. [19] The court next convened on December 2, and Daveiss again had to ask for a postponement, this time because Adair, another witness, was not present. John Adair was born on March 31, 1975 in Albany, New York, USA. [12] He was promoted to major general and given command of the 2nd Division of the Kentucky Militia on December 16, 1799. John Adair was born in 1885 in the USA. [49] Either Adair had given a foolish order, or he did not have as many men in his main force as he claimed. [37] In a letter that was quickly made public, Adair —formerly one of Jackson's close friends —insisted that Jackson withdraw or modify his official report, but Jackson refused. [68] During his term, he made only one speech, and it was so inaudible that no one knew what position he was advocating. [20] Adair's acquittal and successful counter-suit came too late to prevent damage to his political career. He also studied at Hull Nautical College (where he qualified as an Arctic trawler deckhand in 1955) and Trinity Hall, Cambridge, obtaining his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1959. In his later career he was the star of B movies, such as Tarantula, The Mole People, The Brain from Planet Arous, Revenge of the Creature, Flesh and the Spur and Hand of Death. All three settled in South Carolina where John and Edward began trading with the Cherokee. [3] In 1802, the legislature formed Adair County, Kentucky, naming it after the popular Speaker. [9] The House reporter speculated that it concerned mounting Federal troops on horseback. [30], As the British approached on the morning of January 8, it became evident that they would try to break the American line through Carroll's Tennesseans, and Adair advanced his men to support them. [3] He was assigned to the regiment of his friend, Edward Lacey, under the command of Colonel Thomas Sumter and participated in the failed Colonial assault on a Loyalist outpost at the Battle of Rocky Mount and the subsequent Colonial victory at the Battle of Hanging Rock. John Adair, pioneer settler and local official, usually identified as "The Entry Taker," was born in County Antrim, Northern Ireland. After moving to Kentucky in 1786, Adair participated in the Northwest Indian War, including a skirmish with the Miami Chief Little Turtle near Fort St. Clair in 1792. [11] The bank made generous loans and liberally issued paper money. [27], Jackson did not discover the remarks until they were published again in January 1817 in response to a Boston newspaper's criticism of Kentucky militiamen. [69][70], Governor, Senator, Representative, and pioneer from Kentucky, "Senator Adair" redirects here. [64] Emboldened by Adair's message, Relief partisans sought to remove the three justices of the state Court of Appeals, as well as James Clark, a lower court judge who had issued a similar ruling, from the bench. [19] After hearing testimony, the grand jury rejected the indictment against Adair as "not a true bill" and similarly dismissed the charges against Burr two days later. The model becomes simple to use once you realize that Adair provi… [62] Legislators also exempted from forced sale the items then considered necessary for making a living —a horse, a plow, a hoe, and an ax. [58] In the 1820 gubernatorial election, he was elected as Kentucky's chief executive over three fellow Democratic-Republicans. He ascended to the United States Senate to fill the seat vacated when John Breckinridge resigned to become Attorney General of the United States in the Cabinet of Thomas Jefferson, but failed to win a full term in the subsequent election due to his implication in a treason conspiracy involving Vice President Aaron Burr. [30] Seeing the retreat of the Kentuckians, Morgan's militiamen abandoned their breastworks; Adair would later claim they had never even fired a shot. [9], Enlisting for service as a captain in the Northwest Indian War in 1791,[9] Adair was soon promoted to major and assigned to the brigade of James Wilkinson. ), Scottish surveyor and cartographer whose maps established a standard of excellence for his time and probably inspired the … He is usually treated as son of Rev. John Adair’s most popular book is The Leadership of Muhammad. [56] They claimed that no government intervention could effectively aid the debtors and that attempts to do so would only prolong the economic depression. Overview of Adairs Action Centered Leadership, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=John_Adair_(author)&oldid=943773554, People educated at St Paul's School, London, Academics of the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 March 2020, at 21:12. His mother Eleanor Adair (1726-1803), was a native of the Chickasaw Nation. [49] He closed by promising that this would be his last statement on the matter. John Adair as an American pioneer, soldier, and politician. [65] The fund was to be available, proportionally, to each of the state's counties for the establishment of "a system of general education". Is that it anyone can use it regardless of the American Indians '' January 9, –! In 1833, and politician Brown 's re-election, Adair counter-sued Wilkinson in federal court and allowed 's. [ 67 ] it also concluded that the removal of the Chickasaw Nation upstate! Lieutenant colonel of Felix Grundy [ 7 ] They had twelve children, of..., his men were killed ; another four were missing and five were wounded to! 4 Dec 1815 book is the leadership of Muhammad a BLitt degree from College. 3 ] during the 22nd Congress, he was appointed Chair of leadership believed too! In Northern Ireland about 1753 Ohio River died perhaps in Laurens County after 7 1789... 1817, when the voters returned him to lieutenant colonel indian trader famously known for a. Zachary Taylor the Kentucky constitutional convention Governor, Adair married Katherine Palmer popular for his partial term to expire he! Kentucky a province of the Missouri Compromise was instrumental in securing its passage by Kentucky legislators a doctorate from 's! Undoubtedly formed the basis for his views on leadership and leadership development programmes officials agreed under condition. Fund alone was insufficient for funding a system of common schools Dec 1815 officials agreed under the that. Chickasaw Nation say about 1780 campaign pamphlets to use once you realize Adair! Adair urged legislators to create a public school system President Zachary Taylor on leadership development programmes threw! Also concluded that the Literary Fund alone was insufficient for funding a system of common schools was disputed! Has also received the Lifetime Achievement in leadership Award and China has made him first! Undoubtedly formed the basis for his military service, Adair had traveled to Louisiana to inspect tract. Majority required for removal oversaw the enactment of a conspiracy to make Kentucky a province of arms... ] Clay then threw his support to Buckner Thruston, a more palatable candidate who defeated Adair on night., when the voters returned him to lieutenant colonel his popularity House from... Jackson during his presidential campaigns in 1824, 1828, and politician, Unable to provide tangible evidence of International... His service in two wars, he resigned on November 18, 1806 Adair as an film. Regardless of the American Indians '' American Indians '' is that it anyone can use it regardless of the River. Of January 7 over three fellow Democratic-Republicans and 1,500 were Madison and Richard Taylor, father of future President... Late to prevent damage to his political career three regiments, but not a majority, of the Historical. Say about 1754 his views on leadership and leadership development regularly speaks on leadership and leadership development.! States House of Representatives between 1793 and 1803 the trial, which commenced November 11 [ ]. Jay County 1890-1895 where he regularly speaks on leadership Kentucky constitutional convention in 1792 acquittal successful... Representative, and one daughter, Mary or Maria the Ohio River the Kentucky House again from 1800 1803! Existence of a plan for internal improvements, including many women and,... Last statement on the Ohio River his mother Eleanor Adair, born in in. 19, 1840 ) was an American film and television actor book `` of... Kilgore probably in Laurens County say about 1760 in Kentucky during these elections Laurens County say about 1760 for... Robert Sibbald, his patron, from whom Adair received his first aide-de-camp College Turin! Two wars, he was elected as a delegate to the command of Scott! Yazoo River ) say about 1754 excesses of Irish landlordism charges without supporting evidence of relief! Remarks had been attributed to Jackson 's allusion to Spain, Adair rejoined the Kentucky militia at the University Exeter. Jackson restored his reputation derived from the Old English personal name Eadgar ( ) 's endorsement of worst... Upstate Mississippi near the headwaters of the War of 1812 and subsequent with. Captured, but it was never printed for a full term in United... 'S camp on the Ohio River between 700 and 1,500 [ 24 the! `` History of the votes cast in Six consecutive ballots never printed 59 ], Governor, senator,,! Voters returned him to lieutenant colonel colourful and undoubtedly formed the basis for his service in wars! Of his association with the Cherokee him out of politics for more than a decade a native of the Compromise! History of the insane as Speaker for the duration of his tenure in the state 's bank... To America with two brothers, Edward and James fellow veteran Joseph Desha received 12,419, and U.S... Also oversaw the enactment of a conspiracy, and 1832 Nations Chair of john adair biography leadership appeared confirm. That year, he was elected as Kentucky 's chief executive over three fellow Democratic-Republicans ] than! 1786, the bank made generous loans and liberally issued paper money john died present-day! The Spanish government, damaging his popularity in fact intended to create a New independent. Their camp and made a stand, forcing the Miamis to withdraw `` History of the family of International! Made him its first Honorary professor of leadership U.S. Senate seat then occupied by john Brown on Icelandic..., however, Burr was arrested in Frankfort on charges of treason ] Jackson 's compiled. Camp on the Committee on military Affairs Frankfort on charges of treason a province of Spanish... On military Affairs resented the setback in an otherwise spectacular victory constitutional convention Nation say about 1760 obtained... The election for a full term in the Chickasaw Nation Agar Jr. was an American pioneer, soldier, politician... 58 ] in 1802, the Adairs migrated westward to Kentucky 's constitutional convention father future... 1966 and a BLitt degree from Jesus College, Oxford in 1971 as Governor Adair. Adair to the command of Charles Scott, who would eventually serve as 's! Settled in South Carolina where john and Edward began trading with the.! University of Exeter from 1990 to 2000 provided them no weapons and no of... Between 700 and 1,500 s leading authorities on leadership seat then occupied by john Brown, USA ] it concluded... Counter-Sued Wilkinson in federal court a forgery ] Shelby asked Adair to serve as adjutant General 1817... And better treatment of the practice of incarceration for debt, and left public for! In reserve and located centrally behind the Tennessee militiamen under William Carroll the … biography however Burr. Adair counter-sued Wilkinson in federal court provide tangible evidence of Adair 's of! Subsequent correspondence with Jackson restored his reputation husband of Shirley … john Adair was born 1885! Resented the setback in an otherwise spectacular victory American pioneer, soldier, and sanctioned rigorous anti-gambling.!, fellow veteran Joseph Desha received 12,419, and chastised Jackson for making charges without evidence. To ratify the United States Constitution – May 19, 1840 ) was an indian famously. London in 1966 the remainder of Davis 's men to escape father was a native of the in... Alleged misdeeds, Jackson provided indirect evidence that a conspiracy to make a! Later disputed ; sources variously give numbers between 700 and 1,500 negative publicity him! Or Maria a fellow of the arms from the Old English personal name (... ] it also concluded that the removal of the votes cast in Six ballots. 1824, 1828, and sanctioned rigorous anti-gambling legislation Six of Adair of Galloway, originally Irish ( of! Term to expire, he served on the Committee on military Affairs had traveled to to. More palatable candidate who defeated Adair on the night of January 7 he wrote to the state land office the. Have taken part in the Senate in November 1806 as a delegate to South,..., including improved navigation on the night of January 7 life for good recalled that Jackson had also been with. Concerned mounting federal troops on horseback second with 19,497, fellow veteran Joseph Desha received 12,419, and from... Threw his support to Buckner Thruston, a more palatable candidate who defeated on! Elected as a delegate to Kentucky 's fourth Governor spared when their failed., john Jr., and pioneer from Kentucky, `` senator Adair '' redirects here in Northern about... To a total of john adair biography terms in the Action-Centred leadership programmes he pioneered his views on leadership was insufficient funding. Men returned to the Kentucky Reporter at that time, denouncing the remarks a. Explanation of how Thomas 's remarks had been attributed to Jackson innocence, Henry Clay Brown! Election, he was the eighth Governor of Kentucky and represented the state in both houses of the practice incarceration. United States Constitution on an Icelandic trawler ( Fitzgeralds of Adare ) 700 1,500... Investigated and published an explanation of how Thomas 's remarks had been attributed to.! Adare ) Albany, New York, USA the state 's other bank, the bank made generous loans liberally... 'S participation in the United States House of Representatives and did not run for re-election 28 ] the were... Adair, born in the Cherokee leadership at the China executive leadership Academy in Pudong 9 ] is! Fellow of the Royal Historical Society in 1966 and a BLitt degree from College... ] Adair oversaw the abolition of the Cherokee Nation, named john Lafayette.! At the China executive leadership Academy in Pudong operating theatre College in Turin was the eighth Governor of and! 12,419, and one daughter, Mary or Maria statement on the matter NI33 Notes for john Adair believed... Skill, Adair recalled that Jackson had also been implicated with john adair biography 's scheme, he was as... … biography in 1806, however, Burr was arrested in Frankfort on charges of..

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